Walking Holidays in Andalucia


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Andalucia richness in history goes back to the Neanderthal man who lived on the Rock of Gibraltar, 50,000 years ago. Then, came the Iberians influx in about 8,000 BC. The Phoenicians established a chain of trading posts, founding the sea port of Cadiz in 1,100 BC — Europe's oldest city — and strongly influenced the way of life of the native Iberians.
For those of you yearning to experience the "old Spain" and venture inland, there are various areas off the "beaten track" that are accessible from either the motorways and coastal road. The links below will provide you with some useful information of the various places in southern Spain that may be of interest.

The Celts, in 800 BC, moved south across Europe and into Andalucia. By 700 BC the Tartessus Kingdom was flourishing in Andalucia, and a century later Greek sailors founded trading ports along its shores. By the year 500 BC, the Carthaginians had colonised southern Spain.
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The Romans, in their struggle against Carthage, invaded the peninsula in 206 BC, crushing the resistance of the native Iberians and soon transforming Andalucia into one of their richest and best organised colonies, which they called Betis, crisscrossing the region with paved roads.

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Under the Romans, in the 4th century, Spain became a Christian country, and the Spanish language — perhaps the closest modern tongue to Latin — began to take its current shape.
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After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Andalucia was devastated by successive waves of barbarian tribes coming from northern Europe, with the eventual predomination of the Visigoths. This warlike people reigned chaotically over the peninsula for almost two centuries, leaving Spain open to the invasion of the Moors.
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The Moors were Islamic warriors from Arabia and North Africa invaded Spain in the year 711 AD. They called the region al-Andalus because they associated it with the Vandals, one of the barbarian tribes who had, several centuries earlier, swept across the Strait of Gibraltar into North Africa.

Costa del Sol Holidays specialise in apartments, town houses and a small number of detached properties located in the exclusive area between Puerto Banus and Estepona, popularly regarded as "the New Golden Mile".
The Moors made the region their home for eight centuries and permanently marked it with their cultural legacy, signs of which are still visible in monuments such as the Mosque of Cordoba and the Alhambra Palace in Granada.
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It was not until the 13th century that the Christian Reconquest reached Andalucia, seizing the cities of Cordoba and Seville.
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By the end of the 15th century, the Catholic Monarchs, Isabel of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragon, had taken the last stronghold of the Moors, Granada and the Alhambra Palace.

The history of Andalucia is an intertwined web of Christian, Islamic, and Jewish fascinating inputs.
Alhambra Goden Arch
Alhambra Goden Arch
A Spanish tour guide once said that if the moors were sometimes brutal to the native Spaniards, then the queens and kings of Spain were as brutal, if not more, to the Native Americans.

It is only now, six centuries later, that The Moors' influences on European life and culture are finally beginning to be fully understood. Historian Bettany Hughes traces the story of the mysterious and misunderstood Moors, the Islamic society that ruled in Spain for 700 years, but whose legacy was virtually erased from Western history.

Oliver Baptiste wrote in his essay about Western Civilization to 1648: The Moors' academies were home to of much of the work done on the developing of the sciences. New work in the mathematical sciences far exceeding the work of Euclid, Pythagoras, and others developed "algebra" and "algorithms" (words of Arabic origin) and introduced this new arithmetic to Europe (Lumpkin 179-180). The perfection of "Arabic numerals," actually taken from the Hindu number system, came with the Muslim addition of the zero (Chejne 407). Muslim schools made advances in optics, physics, astronomy, and agriculture. Thanks to the Muslims, potash, nitric acid, alcohol (yet another word of Arab origin) and other discoveries were made in the field of chemistry (Britannica 17).

Boris Johnson, the Etonian educated, Oxford graduate, former UK House of Commons MP for Henley, and the Conservative mayor of London (May 2008 - ) referred to the influence of Medieval Cordoba on the western renaissance and civilisation. He investigates, in two interesting programs on the BBC, the beginnings of what some call “the clash of civilisations” between Christianity and Islam. In the first program Boris Johnson looks at the early history of Islam. and in the second program Boris Johnson continues his investigation into “the clash of civilisations”.

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